Everything You Need To Know About CBSE Syllabus
For a very long time, we only had SSC education in India to be considered as important and the most preferred. SSC (Secondary School Certificate) has been the traditional form of education that has been in India from the very beginning which means every state can have their method of education for students and it was also practised in many other countries.
But on 2nd July 1992, the CBSE board came into force in India. CBSE or the Central Board of Secondary Education in India is an education board managed by the central government itself. This means that the central government gets the power to take and make any education-related decisions in all the states who have accepted the CBSE pattern. It manages both the public and private schools. Though it was wholly and solely established in India and for India, it is spread and accepted worldwide today. CBSE is now considered to be the best and the mainboard in India because it is accepted and set up in most of the schools today in India and also saves one from a lot of travelling due to its certification across entire India. The headquarters of CBSE is located in New Delhi. Its chairperson is Mr Manoj Ahuja.
CBSE board comes under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). But after the implementation of the new education policy, its name would be changed to Ministry Of Education (MOE) in the future. The head of CBSE in recent times is dr. Ramesh Pokhriyal.
Some benefits for the students who are a part of any CBSE school is as follows:
- Its syllabus is easily understandable by the students and is written in a fun and interesting way.
- There are a lot of practicals involved, hence it makes the subjects more interesting.
- The learning skill of the students is the most focused upon the aspect of CBSE.
- CBSE exams are designed in such a manner that it does not put much pressure upon the students’ brains.
- The topics are classified into small parts so that the students do not find them boring.
- The syllabus is designed to meet the needs of various competitive exams.
- A lot of games are conducted in order to develop the physical as well as mental health of the students.
- Extracurricular activities such as singing, dancing, exercising, etc are also conducted.
- The syllabus of CBSE is very flexible as it allows the students to choose from a wide range of subjects according to their interests and strengths.
For the Maharashtra state, all the government recruitment examinations such as the SSC (Staff Selection Commission), UPSC (Union Public Service Commission), JEE (Joint Entrance Examination), NEET (National Eligibility Entrance Test), NDA (National Defence Academy) are completely based on the CBSE pattern only which means, follow the NCERT exam syllabus pattern. This proved very beneficial for the students of CBSE because they have been studying this since they were very young and are used to that respective study pattern but the main problem arose among the Maharashtra board students because of the differences between theirs and the CBSE pattern. Hence there were complaints from the SSC students’ side that they were scoring comparatively lower marks and grades as compared to the students of CBSE. So as a solution to all these, in 2010 Maharashtra state came up with SCF or State Curriculum Framework to revise the syllabus regularly according to the CBSE pattern. But the SCF still failed to completely follow the NCERT pattern till 2017. But after that, the syllabus was entirely based on the NCERT pattern and resulted in Maharashtra board students finally scoring well in the competitive exams.
This did not just stay limited to the Government recruitment exams but the school patterns were also changed according to the CBSE format of the 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th and 10th standards. Hence if one compares the books of especially 11th and 12th standards, one can recognize the gist of the books (both CBSE and SSC) to be the same.
In all, there are 35 recognized educational boards in India with Maharashtra SSC being on number 4 in the terms of quality of education and CBSE being at the top. But as there are numerous advantages of the CBSE format, some disadvantages can also be seen.
Following are some disadvantages of the CBSE board:
- The fees of CBSE schools are much higher as compared to the SSC board, hence as per the range of affordability is concerned, parents still bend a little bit more towards the SSC board.
- Language teaching is not given much importance in CBSE as compared to SSC. Mostly, English is the only language that is taught much more considerably than the local or national languages. Hence, the CBSE students fall behind when it comes to reading and writing their local languages.
- CBSE has reduced the level of learning to a smaller amount hence students of the present time like to enjoy leisure time more than studying hard.
CBSE also changed their exam pattern and decided for their exams to be in the MCQ (multiple choice questions) pattern for the first semester and can be changed to a descriptive answer pattern in the second semester if the Covid-19 situation improves. With the above information about the CBSE exam patterns, it’s only fair to discuss the recently revised CBSE syllabus.
Due to the COVID – 19 pandemic and nationwide lockdown, ongoing academic sessions were affected. After a thorough analysis of the situation and suggestions from educational experts & teachers, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has been instructed by the HRD Ministry to reduce the syllabus. In response, after careful analysis and review, CBSE has cut 30% of its syllabus.
CBSE Syllabus 2021-22 includes syllabus of various subjects such as English, Mathematics, Geography, History and political Science, Hindi language and also of advanced subjects like Biotechnology, Accountancy, Economics, Psychology, Sociology, Biology, Computer Science, Fine Arts, etc.